引用本文:常潇丹,黄丹辉,蔡绍曦.慢性阻塞性肺疾病合并症——认知障碍[J].中国临床新医学,2021,14(4):333-339.
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慢性阻塞性肺疾病合并症——认知障碍
常潇丹,黄丹辉,蔡绍曦
510515 广州,南方医科大学南方医院呼吸与危重症医学科,慢性气道疾病研究室
摘要:
[摘要] 慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)合并认知障碍的发病率较高,目前被证实有发展为痴呆症的可能,并且对患者的生活和COPD的疾病管理造成障碍,值得关注。基于其发病隐匿,易被临床医师及患者家属忽略,增加其诊治难度,现对其发病特点、影响、筛查和评估及治疗等方面的研究进展进行述评,为临床诊治提供参考。
关键词:  慢性阻塞性肺疾病  认知障碍  共病
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-3806.2021.04.02
分类号:R 563
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(编号:81970032)
Comorbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease—cognitive impairment
CHANG Xiao-dan, HUANG Dan-hui, CAI Shao-xi
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Chronic Airways Diseases Laboratory, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China
Abstract:
[Abstract] The incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) with cognitive impairment is relatively high. It has been confirmed that patients with COPD and cognitive impairment have the possibility of developing dementia. Moreover, the comorbidity of COPD and cognitive impairment causes obstacles to the life of the patients and the disease management of COPD, which deserves attention. Because of its occult incidence, it is easy to be neglected by the clinicians and the patients′ families, which increases the difficulty of diagnosis and treatment. This paper reviews the research progress of the pathogenesis, effect, screening and evaluation, and treatment of the neglected comorbidity, so as to provide reference for its clinical diagnosis and treatment.
Key words:  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)  Cognitive impairment  Comorbidity